Migration and Vagrancy: Galapagos Penguins remain close to their breeding islands throughout the year. Migration and Vagrancy: Galapagos Penguins remain close … Small penguin with thin white rear eyebrow and relatively long bill. Adult Portrait shot has entire upperparts blackish-grey, sometimes stro Galapagos penguin, (Spheniscus mendiculus), species of penguin (order Sphenisciformes) characterized by the presence of a narrow C-shaped band of white feathers that extends from the eye to the chin on each side of the head and a single band of black feathers that cuts across the large region of white feathers on the breast. Nonetheless, its distribution is highly linked to the cool and nutrient-rich oceanic waters in the western Galápagos archipelago, that allows for a high density of prey when upwelling is present (Boersma 1977, 1978, Palacios et al. Distribution seems to be correlated with the Cromwell Current, which provides cold nutrient-rich surface water. Penguins are threatened by pollution, bycatch and climate change. The Galapagos penguin is endemic to the Galapagos Islands, where it breeds on Isabela, Fernandina and possibly Bartholomew. 2006, Vargas 2006, Boersma et al. Galapagos Penguin Spheniscus mendiculus Check out the full taxonomy and distribution of Galapagos Penguin on HBW Alive. Trend justification: The species declined by 60% between 1970 and 2004, equating to 60% over 34 years (three generations). It is the only penguin to live on the equator in a tropical environment. Small penguin with thin white rear eyebrow and relatively long bill. The Galápagos Penguin is a penguin endemic to the Galápagos Islands. Distribution seems to be correlated with the Cromwell Current, which provides cold nutrient-rich surface water. HBW Alive contains information on Descriptive notes , Voice , Habitat , Food and Feeding , Breeding , Movements , Status and Conservation plus a list of bibliographical references for this species account. Adult Portrait shot has entire upperparts blackish-grey, sometimes stro Small penguin with thin white rear eyebrow and relatively long bill. Learn about the penguins, as well as the threats they face, what WWF is … With its range located on the equator, the Galápagos Penguin is the most northerly breeding penguin species. The Galápagos penguin is the only species found north of the equator and in the Galápagos. This is the only penguin species found north of the equator and in the Galápagos. Galapagos penguin, (Spheniscus mendiculus), species of penguin (order Sphenisciformes) characterized by the presence of a narrow C-shaped band of white feathers that extends from the eye to the chin on each side of the head and a single band of black feathers that cuts across the large region of white feathers on the breast. 2006, Vargas 2006, Boersma et al. 2013, 2015). Introduced species, such as dogs, carry diseases that can spread to penguins as well, and cats pose a threat as predators. The Galapagos penguin is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Nonetheless, its distribution is highly linked to the cool and nutrient-rich oceanic waters in the western Galápagos archipelago, that allows for a high density of prey when upwelling is present (Boersma 1977, 1978, Palacios et al. Based on their small geographic distribution, their already naturally low numbers, and their decreasing population size, Galapagos penguins are considered endangered (highly vulnerable to extinction). 5 kg. (See Galapagos Ocean). With its range located on the equator, the Galápagos Penguin is the most northerly breeding penguin species. 5 kg. A count of 1,009 Galápagos Penguins in 2007 was half the number counted in 1970 (2,020) and 1971 (2,099) (Boersma et al. Distribution seems to be correlated with the Cromwell Current, which provides cold nutrient-rich surface water. Some individuals are accidentally caught by fishers targeting other species, but the two biggest issues for Galapagos penguin populations are climate variability and invasive species.

Galapagos penguins are the rarest and most endangered penguin species in the world, and the only penguins found at the equator.